Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
DIY PMA alternator
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Strange LED sequencer
This deceptively simple sequencer actually pulse width modulates the LEDs as it fades from one LED to the next. Bulbs will last much longer when driven in this gentle manner. Add MOSFETs or transistors to the outputs if you wish to drive bulbs. You can reconfigure the three capacitors from a wye configuration to a delta configuration, or you can...
The LED Torch is based on a 7555 timer running in astable mode (do not use an ordinary 555). A white LED (Maplin order code NR73) produces 400 mcd light output, which, when focussed, can illuminate objects at 30 metres. Try Conrad Electronic for what appears to be a stronger white LED (order code 15 37 45-11). A convex lens with short focal...
MAINS-OPERATED CHRISTMAS LED STAR
Here is a low-cost circuit of Christmas star that can be easily constructed even by a novice. The main advantage of this circuit is that it doesnt require any step-down transformer or ICs. Components like resistors R1 and R2, capacitors C1, C2, and C3, diodes D1 and D2, and zener ZD1 are used to develop a fairly steady 5V DC supply voltage...
Monolithic Converter Drives High Power LEDs
High power LEDs are quickly expanding their reach as the lightsource of choice for flat panel computer and TV monitors, TV projection, signage, portable lights and automotive interior, trim and brake lighting. The input voltage and LED voltage combinations across these applications are as diverse as the applications themselves, precluding...
LTC3205 - Multidisplay LED Controller
The LTC3205 is a highly integrated multidisplay LED controller. The part contains a high efficiency, low noise fractional step-up/step-down charge pump to provide power for both main and sub white LED displays plus an RGB color LED display. The LTC3205 requires only four small ceramic capacitors plus two resistors to form a complete 3-display...
Regulated LED Lamp
The LM317L and resistor act as a current regulator set to 40ma. Current flows from the battery through one pair of LEDs, through the regulator, through the other pair of LEDs, and back to the battery. The capacitor filters out noise on the power supply lines. The LED pairs must be matched so that the current through them is roughly equivalent....
Single FET controls LED array
The circuit`s 90% conversion efficiency offers a distinct power-saving advantage over resistor-limited and linearly regulated designs. It might appear that a series-LED connection is unsuitable for applications in which some (but not all) LEDs must be off. A cell phone, for example, sometimes needs that capability for occasions when the display...
Buck-Boost High Power White LED Driver
The LTC3453 is a synchronous buck-boost DC/DC converter optimized for driving up to 4 white LEDs at a combined current of up to 500mA from a single Li-Ion battery input. The regulator operates in either synchronous buck, synchronous boost, or buck-boost mode, depending on input voltage and LED maximum forward voltage. Optimum efficiency is...
White LED Step-Up Converter in SC70 and ThinSOT
The LT®1937 is a step-up DC/DC converter specifically designed to drive white LEDs with a constant current. The device can drive two, three or four LEDs in series from a Li-Ion cell. Series connection of the LEDs provides identical LED currents resulting in uniform brightness and eliminating the need for ballast resistors. The LT1937 switches at...
LED mood Lamp with PIC16F628
This high power led mood light is based on PIC16F628 and the ability of this mcu to produce PWM pulses. Varying pulse width we can produce millions of color combinations using only the three basic colors. So only one RGB (Red-Green-Blue) led is capable producing a rainbow of fading colors. With the help of four switches we can handle all...
Binary to Decimal Converter Circuit
The project is designed as a learning toy with a reward for determining the correct answer (see Figure 1). The object is to represent a random number, from 1 to 255, in binary form by using eight LEDs. The user enters the decimal form of the number using a keypad. The users guess is displayed on an LCD as the guess is entered. Once the guess is...
White LED Drive Circuit
A minimum number of parts yields a compact switching converter that can provide sufficient voltage to drive white LEDs. The resulting lamp is much more efficient, in terms of lumen hours per pound of battery, than incandescent bulbs, and because the color of the light is determined by fluorescence of phosphors within the LED assembly, the color...
Single and Two Cell White LED Drivers
The operating voltage of white LEDs coupled with my emotional need for low cost for a given function, motivates me to make LED drivers suitable for battery operated lanterns that can run from a small number of cells. White and Ultraviolet LEDs available at the time of this writing, require higher voltages than colored LED`s. In the case of the...
White LED Stroboscope
Finally, white LED`s are bright enough to use in a practical stroboscope. This circuit can operate as a bench-top stroboscope that, in conjunction with an oscilloscope or frequency meter and bench top power supply can accurately measure rotational speeds, or it can be operated hand-held from a single 9V battery, using a marked scale to estimate...
Battery Operated LED Lantern
Photo. This is the test circuit -the basic driver is only two transistors, two resistors, the circuit was evaluated using a white LED, but when it was time to button it up and archive it, I replaced the expensive white LED with a cheap green one.
10 Step LED Circuit
Each time switch S1 is closed the count on the CD4017 advances by 1 step and the coresponding LED turns on. When the maximium count plus 1 is reached for each circuit the cycle is restarted and repeats.
Colour Shifting LED`s
These circuits provide a means of altering the YELLOW output of RED / GREEN type two colour light emitting diodes. These circuits use the LM555 timer chip.
Incandescent LED Circuit
This circuit when used with a 555 timer will cause light emitting diodes to turn on and off more slowly. This will make the LEDs appear similar to incandescent lamps.
LM555 LED Blinkers
The circuit uses independent timers to flash two light emitting diodes. Any time that light emitting diode D1 is lit__light emitting diode D2 will be switched off. Light emitting diode D3 is on if both D1 and D2 are off. Two versions of the circuit are shown. The second circuit uses fewer components by taking advantage of the bipolar...
LED or bulb flickers
This may well be the world`s only discreet logic circuit to generate truely random output. It makes an excellent candle flicker light for your haloween pumpkin, and looks much more authentic than a shimmer light wherever a good a simulated flame effect is required. It flickers even more authentically than a candle in a light breeze.
LED Flashing circuits
This is a very simple project using a printed circuit board and 8 components. It will flash an ordinary 3mm or 5mm (1/8" or 1/4") LED at a rate of about one flash per second. This circuit works on the basis of a high-gain amplifier being driven into saturation (fully turned-on), firstly by the very small amount of current delivered by a...
KNIGHT RIDER lights
The circuit consists of two building blocks. The first is a square wave oscillator made up of two transistors in a multivibrator arrangement and the second is a CD 4017 decade counter IC. The multivibrator contains two extra components to speed up the waveform and make it acceptable for all brands of 4017`s. Unless the output has a very fast...
LED Night Lamp
This circuit is usable as a Night Lamp when a wall mains socket is not available to plug-in an ever running small neon lamp device. In order to ensure minimum battery consumption, one 1.5V cell is used, and a simple voltage doubler drives a pulsating ultra-bright LED: current drawing is less than 500µA.Ultra-low current drawing 1.5V battery...
LEDs or Lamps Sequencer
Very simple, versatile modular design. The purpose of this circuit was to create a ring in which LEDs or Lamps illuminate sequentially. Its main feature is a high versatility: you can build a loop containing any number of LEDs or Lamps, as each illuminating device has its own small circuit. The diagrams show three-stage circuits for simplicity:...
RGB PWM Driver for 350mA LEDs
# This version uses a double sided PCB. Dimensions are approximately the same as the original version. # Removed the second push button switch and components for the RS232 serial interface. # Added 22K resistor between MCLR input and Vdd. This eliminates the need for a jumper on the ICSP header in normal operation. (If you use a...
4 Channel DMX512 Driver
This project is a 4 channel DMX512 driver board. It features four power MOSFETs that can be configured to operate in PWM mode or as on/off outputs. The driver can be configured to use any four consecutive addresses across the full 512 channel address range. It can be used to drive LED arrays or low voltage lamps in PWM mode or operate relays...
12V White LED Driver
The heart of the circuit is a string of 10 white LEDs. These are wired in series and connected to a current-regulated step-up switching power supply circuit. DC powered LED lighting circuits can vary from the trivial, with a single LED and a series resistor, to more complicated switching power supply circuits such as this project. There is a...
12v LED Light
This circuit makes a nice lamp that consumes little power, runs cool, and has an incredibly long lifetime. The lamp puts out a warm yellow shade of light, the color may be adjusted by changing the number of red or green LED strings. Operating Voltage: 12V DC Operating Current: 80ma approx.
MOSFET RGB LED PWM Driver
The RGB LED driver described on this page uses logic level 'N' channel MOSFETs which allow it to control LED arrays or lamps at up to 5 amps per channel without heatsinks. The driver uses exactly the same firmware as the small RGB LED driver shown in the photo so you can use the same code and sequences with this board to control big arrays...
RGB LED PWM Driver
The circuit uses (RGB) Red, Green and Blue high brightness LEDs that are pulse width modulated (PWM) to vary the intensity of each colour LED. This allows effectively any colour to be generated with rapid changing strobe effects, fast and slow colour fades as well as static colours. The data used to set and change the colours is held in an...
8 Channel PWM LED Chaser PIC 16F628A
This neat little circuit provides 8 LEDs directly driven from the PIC along with a single mode control switch. The firmware elsewhere on this page drives the LEDs with a 5 bit PWM signal providing each of the 8 LED channels with four levels of intensity; off, dim, mid, bright. A number of sequences are programmed into the firmware to provide...
LED Chaser with PIC16F84A / 16F628A
This simple circuit functions as a 12 LED chaser. A single illuminated LED 'walks' left and right in a repeating sequence, similar to the effect seen on KITT, the car in the Knight Rider TV series. Fully commented source code and programmer ready HEX files are provided for the PIC 16F84A and 16F628A at the bottom of this page. The circuit...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity