Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
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Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
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Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
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voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Low Cost Pulse Generator circuit
This pulse generator produces square pulses from 1Hz to 100KHz with adjustable pulse width of nearly 0-100%. The generator is powered with a voltage of 5-15V and is therefore suitable for both TTL and CMOS circuits. If you want to measure the response of an amplifier or give timing pulses to a variable frequency digital circuit or drive a pulse...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
60Hz pulse generator
The circuit provides a clean, stable square wave and it will operate on anywhere from 6 to 15 volts. The IC and color-burst crystal are the kind used in TV receivers.
Square wave generator III
The generator described here is intended for multiburst signal square waveform generation and can be used as a device for characterizing the response of TV monitor amplifiers as shown. The circuit is an RC oscillator with NAND gates (IC4-4011), with its capacitor C changed periodically by means of bilateral switches (IC2, IC3-4016). The control...
3 square waves generator
The circuit provides three square wave outputs with 120Â° of phase difference between each other. Reference clock frequency is twice that of the required frequency. This can be obtained from a crystal oscillator with a chain of dividers or by using LM 555 in 50% duty cycle astable mode.
Improved non-inverting integrator
In the circuit in Fig. 1, ICla produces the integral term required but also has the side effect of producing a proportional term not required, so this term is subtracted by IClb leaving a pure integral. If the ratio R2/R5 does not exactly match the ratio of R3/R4, the subtraction will not be complete and a small amount of the proportional term...
Adjustable TTL clock
Symmetry of the square-wave output is maintained by connecting the right side of R2 through resistor R3 to the output of the third amplifier stage. This changes the charging current to the capacitors in proportion to the setting of frequency-adjusting potentiometer R2. Thus, a duty cycle of 50% is constant over the entire range of oscillation....
This self-starting fixed frequency oscillator circuit gives excellent frequency stability. Rl and Cl comprise the frequency determining network while R2 provides the regenerative feedback. Diode Dl enhances the stability by compensating for the difference between Voh and Vsuppiy
The circuit will provide both a sine-and square-wave output for frequencies from below 20 Hz to above 20 kHz. The frequency of oscillation is easily tuned by varying a single resistor. This is a considerable advantage over Wien-Bridge circuits where two elements must be tuned simultaneously to change frequency. Also, the output amplitude is...
This circuit uses a positive-feedback loop closed around~a combined comparator and integrator. When power is applied, the output of the comparator will switch to one of two states, to the maximum positive or maximum negative voltage. This applies a peak input signal to the integrator, and the integrator output will ramp either down or up,...
This circuit traps a single positive pulse from a square-wave train. Following the rising edge of an input command, the pulse-out signal emits a replica of one positive pulse of the clock signal simultane ous with the clock signal"s next rising edge. The 0 input command signal sets the Ql output of flip-flop "----IClA.
The NE555 is connected in the astable mode and uses only three timing components (RA, RB, and Ct. A 0.01-/aF bypass
4-Decade Square-Wave Generator
This circuit will generate a square wave of 2 Hz to 20 kHz. The circuit uses an op amp in a relaxation-oscil
When this circuit is turned on, the natural offset of the devices serves as an automatic starting voltage. Assume that
1Khz Square-Wave Generator
When the output is high, R3 and R4 are in parallel, and CI charges via Rl until the current in R2 equals that a
Triangle- And Square-Wave Generator Circuit
The circuit will generate precision triangle and square waves. The output amplitude of the square wave is set by the output swing of op amp Al, xndRl/R2 sets the triangle amplitude. The frequency of oscillation in either case is approximately l/0.69ftC. The square wave will maintain 50% duty cycleeven if the amplitude of the oscillation is not...
Big loop oscillator
L1 is a loop of 10 to 20 turns of insulated wire with a diameter anywhere between 4" to 4'. Oscillator frequency (7 to 30 MHz) shifts substantially when a person comes near or into the loop. This oscillator together with a resonant detector might make a very good anti-personnel alarm.
Triangle-square wave oscillator
This circuit generates simultaneously, a triangle and a square waveform. It is self starting and has no latch up problems. IC1 is an integrator with a slew rate determined by CT and RT and IC2 is a Schmitt trigger. The output of IC1 ramps up and down between the hysteresis levels of the Schmitt, the output of which drives the integrator. By...
Line frequency square-wave generator
With only three components and a buffer, a line frequency square wave having a 1:1 duty cycle may be derived from the power supply. During the alternate half-cycle, however, A is effectively clamped to - 0.7 V by Dl in the bridge which offsets the forward voltage across D2 giving an input to IC1 of approximately 0 V.
Three phase square-wave output generator
This circuit gives a 3 phase square-wave output for a variable speed motor drive. Operation is straightforward, the 4017 counter is synchronously reset after six clock inputs. The she outputs are combined to give the required waveforms. It is interesting to note that although NOR gates are shown, OR gates will give effectively the same result.
1kHz square wave signal source circuit
1kHz square wave signal source circuit Illustrated is a use CD4060 composed of standard square wave signal source circuit. CD4060 ? foot, foot crystal rr external and compensat
1kHz square wave signal generator
1kHz square wave signal generator As shown by the time base circuit NE555 plus the time constant circuit (47 kfl O.Q15 UF) composed of] hair kHz square wave signal generator.
Waveform Generator with ICL 8038CCPD
That circuit is based on a 14-pin DIL IC capable of producing sine, square, triangular, sawtooth and pulse waveforms of high accuracy and stability. The frequency may be selected to be from 0.001Hz to 1Mhz, Frequency modulation and sweeping can be accomplished with an external voltage and the frequency can be programmed digitally by resistors or...
NE555 triangular wave loading system, square wave generator circuit
How it works: the circuit as shown in FIG. VT1, VT2 and resistor R1 constitute a constant current source for charging the capacitor C2 for linear; VT3, VT4 and resistor R2 constitute a constant current source for
Common non-sinusoidal oscillator circuit waveform square wave oscillator self-excited multivibrator
Common non-sinusoidal oscillator circuit, waveform and frequency formula - square wave oscillator - self-excited multivibrator
500W low cost 12V to 220V inverter
Using this circuit you can convert the 12V dc in to the 220V Ac. In this circuit 4047 is use to generate the square wave of 50hz and amplify the current and then amplify the voltage by using the step transformer.
12 Volt DC to 120 Volt AC Inverter
Ever needed a low power 120volt AC power source for your car, van or truck? Well this circuit should do the trick for you. It will supply 15 watts of AC power to a device. It should power lamps, shavers, small stereos and small appliances. If you draw to much power the circuit will shut down all by itself. The output of this circuit is a square...
Infrared circuits for remote control
Infrared remote controls are using a 32-56 kHz modulated square wave for communication. These circuits are used to transmit a 1-4 kHz digital signal (OOK modulation) through infra light (this is the maximum attainable speed, 1000-4000 bits per sec). The transmitter oscillator runs with adjustable frequency in the 32-56kHz range, and is being...
Convert periodic waveforms to square waves
Converting periodic waveforms to square waves is an integral part of extracting a clock signal from data, creating waveform generators, and making timing-pulse generators. Any square-wave-conversion circuit is more valuable when the square wave`s duty cycle is variable and controllable. Figure 1 shows a circuit that has these attributes and can...
Simple Square wave Generator
This simple circuit generates a good and stable 1V peak-to-peak square wave at 100Hz, 1KHz and 10KHz using a single 1.5V cell as power supply. An useful feature of this circuit is that frequency changes can be obtained by switching only one capacitor at a time. Current consumption is about 600µA.
Square-wave modulator has variable frequency and pulse width
The circuit in Figure 1 satisfies all these criteria. The circuit delivers a unipolar (adjustable from 0 to 12V) pulse with adjustable frequency and pulse width. The first half of a dual, retriggerable monostable multivibrator, IC1A, generates the frequency of the pulse train. The 100-k potentiometer, R1, along with R2 and C1, sets the...
SQUARE WAVE OSCILLATOR
This project is a piece of test equipment. It`s a square wave oscillator with 6 selectable frequencies from 1Hz to 100kHz, incrementing in decade values. It`s most useful application is as a Signal Injector for radios and TV`s. A square wave is the most suitable for testing the IF (Intermediate Frequency) strip as the signal will pass through...
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial