Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
RF Remote Control Switch Rx-Tx circuits
This circuit consists of a 2048 radio remote control transmitter and the corresponding wireless receiver with very high reception sensitivity and low consumption. The combination of the two above gives a high-reliability remote control, ideal for security systems, alarms, automation, etc. At home, in the car and elsewhere. Using the wireless...
Key Code Combination High Security Door Lock
This project is an electronic lock with many combinations that you can easily change and opens only with the correct combination of four consecutive numbers. The big advantage of the electronic lock is that the four numbers must be entered in the correct order one after the other. If a number is wrong then the circuit automatically resets to its...
DC relay circuit to accelerate the release
DC relay or contactor in addition to using strong excitation pull way accelerate, accelerate the release, but also the following circuit to achieve the purpose of accelerating
Photoelectric control relay circuit Darlington type phototransistor with self-locking function
Darlington phototransistor constituting the photoelectric function with self-locking control relay circuit:
FET relay circuit 2
FET relay circuit 2 It is actually a JS-20 time relay circuit. SA before the switch is closed, the relay device KA tends to release state. After SA closed circuit delay start,
Discharge time relay circuit
Discharge time relay circuit The timer field effect tube, and therefore have a high timing accuracy, timing and so long. When the R3-IOOOMfl, C 200VF when a delay time of 8h. P
Using current quick break and overcurrent protection circuit overcurrent relay a sensor
Figure 4-52 (a) for the two-phase wiring, DC operation; Figure 4r52 (b) for the two-phase current differential wiring, AC operation.
The relay operates a certain time, td, after power is applied to it, and then it operates for a length of time, tc. The SCR fires when the voltage on Ci reaches VA. This operates the relay, which stays activated until the current charging C2 drops below the dropout current. To keep the relay in its activated position indefinitely (tc =00),...
Integrated solid state relay
A complete zero-voltage switch solid-state relay contains an input circuit, an output circuit, and the power thyristor. The circuit illustrates a triac power thyristor with snubber circuit and GE-MOVRII Vans tor transient over-voltage protection. The 22 ohm resistor shunts di/dt currents, passing through the bridge diode capacitances, from the...
Triac relay-contact protection
This circuit can be used to prevent relay contact arcing for loads up to 50 amperes. There is some delay between the time a relay coil is energized and the time the contacts close. There is also a delay between the time the coil is de-energized and the time the contacts open. For the relay used in this circuit both times are about 15 ms. The...
Capacitor Cl and body capacitance (C2>of the operator form the voltage divider from the hot side of the ac line to ground. The voltage across Cl is determined by the ratio of Cl to C2. The higher voltage is developed across the smaller capacitor. When no one is close to the touch button, C2 is smaller than Cl. When a hand is brought close to the...
Audio operated relay
Ql and Q2 are general purpose transistors. The 10 K input pot is adjusted to a point just short of where Ql turns on as indicated by K pulling in. K is any 5 V reed relay. With the values shown for R (100 K) and C (47 Âµf), timing values from 5 to slightly over 5 seconds can be achieved
Sound-modulated light source
This circuit modulates a light beam with voice or music from the output of an amplifier. If the 10 K pot is adjusted to slightly less than the Vbe of the transistor, the circuit forms a peak detector
This is an on-off control with isolated, low voltage input. Since the switching action is very rapid, compared with the response time of the lamp and the response of the eye, the effect produced with audio input is similar to a proportional control circuit
Sound activated relay
The device remains dormat (in an off condition) until some sound causes it to tum on. The input stage is a 741 operational amplifier connected as a noninverting follower audio amplifier. Gain is approximately 100. To increase gain raise the value of R2
Sound operated two-way switch
This circuit operates a relay each time a sound of sufficient intensity is made, thus one clap of the hands will switch it one way, a second clap will revert the circuit to the original condition. Q2 and Q3 form a Schmitt trigger. The JK flip-flop isoised as a bistable whose output changes state every time a pulse is applied to the clock input...
The phototransistor and photodarlington couplers act as de relays in saturated switching at currents up to 5 mA and 50 mA, respectively. When higher currents or higher voltage capabilities are required, additional devices are required to buffer or amplify the photocoupler output. The addition of hysteresis to provide fast switching and stable...
The HllC supplies the de latching relay function and reverse polarity blocking, for currents up to 300 mA, depending on ambient temperature. For de use, the gate cathode resistor can be supplemented by a capacitor to minimize transient and dV/dt sensitivity. For pulsating de operation, the capacitor value must be designated to either...
When zero voltage switching is not required, methods of providing this function are illustrated. The lowest parts count version of a solid-state relay is an optoisolator, the triac driver HlU. Unfortunately, the ability of the Hll} to drive a load on a 60-Hz line is severely limited by its power dissipation and the dynamic characteristics of...
In the case where analog signals are being used as the logic control, hysteresis from a Schmitt-trigger input can be used to prevent haH-wave power output. The circuit operation is as follows: at low input voltages, Q1 is biased in the off state. Q2 conducts and biases Q3, and the IRED turns off. When the base of Q1 reaches the biasing...
Ir Reflection Proximity Switch
IR radiation from LED2 (modulated by a 1-kHz wave) is keyed by Ul, and Ql is radiated. Reflected IR energy i
Receiver If Amplifier
Tl is tuned to converter-output frequency Ul to provide 45-to-50-dB gain, depending on the design of Tl and T2. C2, C
Variable Voltage Regulator
The op amp is wired as a 2 noninverting dc amplifier with a gain that is determined by the R3/R2 ratio. The inp
Latching Ac Solid-State Relay
Latching is obtained by storing the gate trigger energy from the preceding half cycle in the capacitors. Powe
Low-Consumption Monostable Relay
A monostable relay has two states: operative when a large enough current flows through its coil and quiesc
A power MOSFET and a quad exclusive-OR oscillator makes an effective solid-state relay. Figure 75-5(a)"s capacitively iso
Solid State Latching Relay Circuit
This simple circuit provides a solid-state equivalent of the electromechanical latching relay (see the figure). What`s more, the switching is clean, highly resistant to vibration and shock, and isn`t sensitive to magnetic fields or position. The circuit operates as follows: a set pulse to the 4043 RS latch takes its output high and turn on the...
Time Delay Relay Circuit
Using a 4060 CMOS binary divider and built-in clock oscillator, a long-duration timer can be made veiy simply. The solid-state relay can be sized for your application, and can be replaced with a mechanical relay if a suitable power supply is available. With the components shown, a 4.5-Hz clock frequency is generated.
Sensor-Activated Relay Pulser Circuit
A sensor turns on Ql to activate the low-frequency 555 oscillator, which pulses LAMP II. Sensor may be sensitive to changes in light or temperature. Either RA or RB can be sensors, as desired. A decrease in RB or an increase in RA will cause the NE555 to flash M.
AC relay using two photon couplers
If load current requirements are relatively low (i.e. maximum forward rms current 500 mA), an ac solid state relay can be constructed quite simply by the connection of two H11C optically coupled SCRs in a back-to-back configuration as illustrated.
Phase solid state relay fault protection circuit b
38. The solid state phase failure relays for three-phase AC phase failure monitoring, protection and control of new devices, referred SSPORR. It is only a five endpoints semico
Lantern making use of a relay control circuit
220V mains electricity sent through 0.33 u F (Ci). ] 50kn ohmic drop Sui, Di - D4 bridge circuit composed of rectifier. After 100 u F capacitor filter technology,: [born about
Stepper Motor Circuits
Remote Control Circuits
Direction Finder Circuits
Power Control Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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